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Drilling Rigs, Engines, & Fuels

Upstream producers continually adopt the most agile and effective technologies, including dual-fuel and dedicated natural gas engines. Skyrocketing availability of inexpensive natural gas has produced an equally agile fuel source, while modular design allows for simple turnkey LNG fueled drilling rigs that reduce cost and emissions significantly for operators.
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Gas Metering and Regulator Stations

Natural Gas Metering and Regulator stations form a vital link the the Oil and Natural Gas supply chain, providing key services and industry solutions, modular designs, and greater information connectivity.

Pigging Pipelines — An Overview

Pigging is the foundation of pipeline construction, maintenance, and decommissioning. Designed to ensure continual product flow while minimizing capital and operating cost.

BIM in Oil and Gas

Current BIM uses in Oil and Gas profoundly impact project teams, O&G companies, and data analytics as it spurs industry wide developments.

Hydraulic Fracturing Overview

Hydraulic fracturing uses advanced well design and high pressure fluid injection to dramatically increase hydrocarbon (oil and natural gas) well production. One of two technologies responsible for the U.S. Shale Revolution.

Horizontal Directional Drilling for Oil and Natural Gas

Horizontal drilling allows operators to safely and more effectively access a reservoir—often several reservoirs. Reliable horizontal drilling has forever changed oil and natural gas extraction. Horizontal drilling is one of two technologies essential to the U.S. Shale Revolution.

Managing Millennials

The vast majority of our company are millennials. How do we manage them? Keep them motivated? Get the best out of them? It's not so hard, but it is a completely different way of approaching your team than traditional methods.

Gas Fired Water Bath Heaters

Gas-fired water bath heaters are a type of heater utilized in a wide variety of settings and industries for process heating. This article takes you through all the basics of this technology.

Pipeline Buoyancy

Pipeline buoyancy is one of the major challenges that must be resolved when a pipeline is to be installed offshore, across a river or swampy terrain. The pipeline must be analyzed for floatation during the design phase of the project. Any sections of a pipeline subjected to buoyancy force experiences bending stress which may result in structural failure of the pipeline, inline connections failure such as flange leakage.

Inline Inspection with Magnetic Flux Leakage

Magnetic flux leakage (MFL) is a non-destructive testing (NDT) technique used to assess materials for corrosion, pitting, and deformations. MFL testing can be applied to pipelines, storage tanks, railways, cables, and other ferromagnetic materials. Inline Inspection (ILI) refers to the use of inspection devices commonly called intelligent pigs.

The Moral Case for Fossil Fuels: Review

Our book review for Moral Case of Fossil Fuels by Alex Epstein. A fantastic read that demonstrates why the continued use of fossil fuels is not only necessary but morally defendable - providing us with cheap, and reliable energy.

The United States Shale Revolution

Shortly after the U.S. Shale Revolution kicked off it began to pull the United States from recession with an enormous production of shale oil and natural gas. This revolution transformed the U.S. from an importer of natural gas to a dominant exporter, dramatically reduced emissions, increased electricity generation from natural gas and has exhibited tremendous influence on world politics.

Selecting Employees for the Engineering Environment

When engineering firms recruit new graduate employees, they look at the candidates’ academic record, or may opt for giving bursaries to the top performing student and ensure they attract the best talent. Offering high initial salaries to graduates is another frequently employed technique to ensure the top employees can be recruited into the business. This is a problem.

South Africa's Electricity Generation & Energy Supply by Sources - Infographics

Infographics detailing the makeup of South Africa's Electricity Generation by Source, and South Africa's Energy Supply by Source

Offshore Moorings Systems Hierarchy

A breakdown of all offshore mooring systems in hierarchical form

Emerging Technologies at EPCM

There has been no major disruption and engineering and constructing firms are still mostly executing projects the way it has been done 20 years ago. As a result, there has not been real efficiency gain with reduced efficiencies reported in some countries. There is, therefore, a major potential in the engineering and construction industry to implement technologies to improve efficiencies.

Onsite Machining

The Miracle Worker of Modern Industry. Emergency and short notice situations are ideally solved by the use of onsite machining - engineers rapidly deploy portable machining tools to mitigate the disastrous impact of these scenarios.
hot tapping

Hot Tapping and Line Stopping - Overview

Few engineering procedures can modify, repair, and improve operating equipment while they remain in service; far less are the number of procedures that are also environmentally friendly, involve less risk, and firmly claim a 60%-80% expense reduction when compared with competing procedures. Nearly a century of widely practised hot tapping and plugging techniques confidently generate these facts.

Fuel Stations Development Process in South Africa

This extract discusses the typical process steps for developing service stations in South Africa.

Multi-Product Pipelines

Multi-Product Pipelines are used to transport different hydrocarbon liquid products in batches in a single pipeline such as diesel, petrol, kerosene and jet fuel. This article looks at the design standards and considerations that are crucial when designing, installing, and operating a multi-product pipeline.

Benefits of Millennials - 7 Reasons Why They Can Make You Millions

By 2020, Millennials will be the majority workforce. Managers HAVE to realise the benefits of Millennials and how they can contribute to project success!
Brulpadda Total's offshore discovery

What does Brulpadda, Total's offshore discovery, mean for SA’s future?

The finding of significant quantities of gas condensate on the Brulpadda prospects, has ramifications for the energy sector and especially the gas economy in South Africa and has everyone including our president talking, but what does the find actually mean and how will it impact our industry.
Cathodic Protection

Cathodic Protection Basics

This article explains the basic operating principles as well as the requirements for a Cathodic Protection system.
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) - An Overview

An overview of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), everything you need to know about, including History, Treating and Processing, LNG Market Outlook, etc.

Design of Bulk LPG Storage Facilities - Layout and sizing considerations

This article provides detailed information regarding the layout and sizing considerations for the design of bulk LPG storage facilities.

Modularization for hydrocarbon pipelines in Africa

In this article, EPCM will discuss the major items that can be supplied in modular format for hydrocarbon pipelines

That’s not my name!

Remembering a person's name is more important than you think, this article will strive to give you some basic techniques that can be followed to remember the names of people you meet.

Bulk LPG Storage Layout Requirements - SANS 10087-3 compared with NFPA 58

This article looks at comparing the site layout guidelines for bulk LPG storage between the NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) 58 and SANS (South African National Standards) 10087 3 codes and standards. The article intent is only to indicate major differences, when designing a system.

Design and Optimisation of Micro-Scale Natural Gas Liquefaction Processes

A detailed research study has been completed on existing work specific to micro-scale (less than 275 tones per day or 5 million GJ per annum) liquefied natural gas (LNG) production facilities. Results were analysed, compared and summarised to serve as initial design conditions for proposed process designs.

Hot Tapping – Advice on Successful Pipeline Tapping

In many cases for production lines and plants it is crucial to keep pipelines online and producing, however, it also becomes necessary to reroute, tie in additional lines or do maintenance on pipelines. This is where hot tapping can provide critical and much needed support to keep the product flowing in the line while doing work.

Cathodic Protection Case Study - Padma Bangladesh

A case study for determining the correct cathodic protection for a pipeline in Bangladesh

Construction Delivery Models

Construction projects can be executed under a variety of delivery models, including design-build, early contractor involvement and alliance models, amongst others. In order to ensure the success of a construction project, it is vital to choose the most appropriate delivery model. Each delivery model comes with distinct features and the client should consider how the differences align with the project's goals and characteristics.

The Drafting Side of Building Information Modelling (BIM)

While there are numerous explanations on how to successfully execute projects within the Building Information Modelling (BIM) environment, the role of the drafting side in these explanations are often lacking. So, this article will highlight some of these challenges on the drafting side of the BIM industry, how to address them, as well as methods and tips to plan, start and successfully execute projects.
Pipeline Current Mapping Survey

Pipeline Current Mapping (PCM) Survey

The PCM has been designed to overcome the shortcomings of the existing techniques CP fault finding techniques and now provides pipeline engineers with an accurate, cost-effective product that can be used in all weather and ground conditions. This article explains more about Pipeline Current Mapping Surveys.

Marine Structured Wall PE Pipelines - KRAH

EPCM has partnered with Krah Pipes to offer turnkey solutions for large PE marine application pipelines (up to 5m) for cooling and desalination intake/outfalls. This article by Krah discuss the various technical matters related to the installation and performance of these type of marine pipelines

Retail Fuel Station Refurbishment Process

Refurbishing retail fuel stations come with its own set of challenges. This article discusses the process involved and the key challenges faced.

Infrastructure Project Finance - A Know How Guide

Project finance is as crucial to driving infrastructure projects and ensuring their success than engineering, if not more. A lot of time of EPCM is spent raising finance on our own or client's projects. Learn the basics here of what elements are role players are involved with infrastructure Project Financing.

Single Point Mooring (SPM) CALM Buoy Systems - The Ultimate Guide

A Single Point Mooring (SPM) CALM system is an offshore mooring point used to facilitate tankers loading or discharging various forms of liquid product cargo near onshore storage or production fields. In this guide, we give you a full overview of what this system is all about.

Don't Delegate Like an Engineer

Engineers would rather do it themselves than fix their team member's work. An approach adopted by most in technical fields. Yet, the only way to grow and move forward, as an individual, team and company is to learn to effectively delegate.

Tropical Cyclone Modelling for Design of Coastal Infrastructure

Tropical cyclones (also known as hurricanes or typhoons) are formed over warm waters of the tropical oceans and have the potential to produce intense rain and abnormally high winds. This article outlines the difficulties faced by engineers tasked with designing coastal infrastructure to withstand such events and presents some best practice approaches for undertaking this task.

Business Case for LNG as Vehicle Fuel

Although a number of new options exist to fuel vehicles, it will take a long time to replace infrastructure for alternative fuels. Mature countries have started to move their vehicles onto natural gas, electricity, and hydrogen as alternatives to petrol and diesel. In this article, we looked at the option of fueling vehicles with Liquid Natural Gas (LNG)

Energy Outlook – Oil and Gas (DNV Report Notes)

In efforts to make the world’s energy system cleaner and more efficient, there is a focus on transitioning to a lower-carbon energy mix. DNV’s excellent Energy Transition Outlook (ETO) Report provides an outlook and forecast on the world’s energy mix to 2050. This summary focusses on the oil and gas sector report.

HDPE Retail Fuel Tanks

Driven by innovation and commitment to the industry, a lot of effort has gone into optimizing the retail fuel station market and to provide better value to existing and new clients. One area of specific improvement is material selection for underground fuel tanks.

Procurement From China

This article explains the procurement process when procuring from China and also explain how to control quality when procuring from them. Although China has been trading with the whole world for almost 40 years now, a number of companies, especially from developing countries, are still very worried about the perceived quality they get from China. This needs to change.

EPC Project Execution

With the African market becoming more mature and understanding the project execution models better, there has been a big rise in EPC (Engineering, procurement and construction) projects being executed in Africa. Although EPC project have been executed all over the world, it’s a very new model for Africa and South Africa and project houses do not really understand how to execute the projects using an EPC execution model.

Motivation In An Engineering Project Environment

This article focus on getting the most out of the people that work for you in the engineering project environment by motivating them correctly.

Don't Present Like An Engineer

Many really solid projects or products get lost in translation between engineers trying to present and sell their product and the audience they want to sell to. This article will thus attempt to give engineers some simple rules for technical presentations that they should follow to help them get their message across to the rest of the world.

Infrastructure Project Development 101

Having worked with a number of project developers as well as developing projects in Africa and internationally, the following project development model was developed. By following the steps outlined below, project developers can improve their chances of closing projects, spend less money and time in developing the projects and improve the perception of project development.
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EPCM vs EPC Contracting Strategies

In the project environment, two major execution models are used; EPCM (Engineering, procurement and construction management) and EPC (Engineering, procurement, and construction). Although the outcome of the project should be very similar, the two models have distinct differences. It's important to understand when to select the correct model.

Industrial Uses of Drones

From rapid surveillance deployment to scanning an unreachable and/or dangerous area of interest, drones are proving to be extremely beneficial in places where man cannot reach or is unable to perform in a timely and efficient manner.

fractional distillation of crude oil

Fractional distillation of crude oil - an graphical interpretation

Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) Value Chain - The Basics

Natural gas will be the world's faster growing major energy source through the year 2040. This energy source carries tremendous benefits for the consumers and the environment. It is versatile, clean burning, and abundant.

An In-Depth Discussion on Concentrated Solar Power

Concentrated solar power (CSP) has long been proposed as a source for energy generation applications. The purpose of this article is to provide a summary of relevant theory regarding main aspects of concentrated solar powered energy production

Greencape Biogas Report - EPCM Summary Notes

EPCM's summary notes on the Greencape Western Cape BioGas Report

Direct DME Synthesis From Natural Gas

Dimethyl ether (DME) has been identified as an attractive fuel alternative and has seen an exponential increase in demand in the Asia Pacific. Dimethyl ether (DME) is a non-petroleum based transportation fuel, to act as a clean replacement for diesel fuel. Forecasts predict that the DME market will increase rapidly in the rest of the world.

Anaerobic Digester Design in South Africa

Energy derived from biogas is used in the form of fuel, heat, and electricity. Biogas is a renewable source of energy derived from biodegradable substrates such as agricultural wastes, animal wastes, domestic wastes, crops and industrial waste. It is produced by anaerobic digestion, which is a biochemical process in the absence of oxygen. The main product of biogas is methane and carbon dioxide.

Air Separation of Cryogenic Gases

An Air Separation Unit (ASU), is a type of technology that separates air into its main constituents. The most abundant components are Nitrogen, followed by oxygen and then argon, as well as other inert gases in small amounts.

Understanding Natural Gas and LNG Options Handbook – Summary

The future of natural gas and liquid natural gas looks promising in Africa: Both as a natural gas resource and a potential import market. We summarise the key points here for 'Understanding Natural Gas and LNG Option Handbook' which has a specific focus on LNG for Africa

LNG as Marine Bunkering Fuel

The marine indsustry is increasingly looking at Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) as a cost effective alternative marine bunkering fuel in order to reduce emissions.

Where Natural Gas is Found and How it is Obtained

A high level look at how natural gas is formed and the typical methods use to extract this natural resource

Continuous Carbon Capture using Stirling Coolers

This article documents the current hypothesis for developing and testing a continuous Carbon Dioxide capture system using Stirling Coolers as the driving force.

Process Technologies for Helium Recovery from Natural Gas: A Review

This article reviews conventional processes used for recovery of helium from natural gas and examines the potential of emerging technologies for more efficient helium production processes, with main focus on Southern Africa’s new helium rich gas reserves.

Considerations for Seismic Analysis of Oil, Gas and Mineral Jetties

Exploring the aspects of seismic analysis of jetties used in the import/export of oil, gas, petroleum and other minerals in seismic active regions.
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API 650 Tank Fabrication

API 650 Tank Fabrication course presentation

Design of Large Scale Seawater Intake & Brine Outfall Systems

Systems, parts, and design considerations needed in the designing of large scale seawater intake & brine outfall systems for desalination plants or power station cooling water
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Choosing Between SPM CALM and CBM Mooring

Discussed in this report are the characteristics of and comparisons between Single Point Mooring (SPM) systems and Conventional Buoy Mooring (CBM) systems, also referred to as Multi-Buoy Moorings (MBM).

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